Kaunas German Upper Exact Sciences Gymnasium (now A. Puškinas Gymnasium)
(Survived
)
<p style="text-align: justify;">According to 1923 census data, Germans made up around four per cent of total Kaunas population. Although the number of Germans living in Lithuania remained almost unchanged throughout the entire period of the First Republic, and German claims to Klaipėda region led local authorities to tighten monitoring of political, cultural and educational activities of this ethnic minority, German upper exact sciences gymnasium was established in Kaunas in 1920.</p>
<p style="text-align: justify;">In 1922 the construction of the school building took off according to a draft by Swiss architect Eduardas Pejeris at the <em>intersection between Vytautas Avenue and Ūkis Street (now Totoriai Street). However, the works were finished according to the draft by </em>V. Landsbergis-Žemkalnis. The building is a characteristic example of functionalism: one of the most outstanding highlights is different-sized windows designed to let enough light in the school. Aesthetic solutions of the front face consist of a harmony between symmetry (equal arrangement of windows) and asymmetry (the main entrance built on the side; different-sized windows). Minimalist exterior allowed the massive three-story building to easily and seamlessly blend in with the urban landscape, yet avoid becoming monotonous or boring.</p>
<p style="text-align: justify;">In 1930 the school was granted gymnasium status. During the interwar period the school was taken care of by the German Cultural Association of Lithuania (“Kultūrferbandas”), which was based at the student dormitory. Following the start of WWII, the gymnasium was closed. Later the building was home to a Russian secondary school (now Aleksandras Puškinas Gymnasium)</p>
<p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Kristina Endriukaitytė</em></p>
Adresas: Kauno m. sav., Kauno m., Vytauto pr. 50
Architektūros tipas: Professional
Architektai: Eduardas Peyeris, Vytautas Landsbergis-Žemkalnis, Romanas Steikūnas
Metai: 1923
Laikotarpis: Interwar
Architektūros šakos: Architecture, Separate building, Education, Gymnasium
Medžiagos:
Nuotraukos: 5
Susiję objektai
Telšiai Žemaitė (Former M. Valančius) Gymnasium
Telšiai Žemaitė (Former M. Valančius) Gymnasium
1935 - 1936
Kaunas central post office
Kaunas central post office
1930 - 1932
Dormitory for the victims of war
Dormitory for the victims of war
1934 - 1935
Jonas Vileišis House in Kaunas
Jonas Vileišis House in Kaunas
1930
M. Bruskienė Residential House in Kaunas
M. Bruskienė Residential House in Kaunas
1932 - 1933
Kaunas County Municipality Palace
Kaunas County Municipality Palace
1932 - 1934
Borisas Goldbergas Residential House in Kaunas
Borisas Goldbergas Residential House in Kaunas
1937
Vatican Diplomatic Mission (Nunciature) in Kaunas
Vatican Diplomatic Mission (Nunciature) in Kaunas
1930 - 1931
Residential House of Artist A. Žmuidzinavičius
Residential House of Artist A. Žmuidzinavičius
1928
Apartment House of Company “Butas” in Kaunas
Apartment House of Company “Butas” in Kaunas
1931 - 1932
Antanas Gylys Hospital Building
Antanas Gylys Hospital Building
1932 - 1934
J. Papečkys Residential House in Kaunas
J. Papečkys Residential House in Kaunas
1937
Petras Mačiulis Residential House in Kaunas
Petras Mačiulis Residential House in Kaunas
1935 - 1936
Christ's Resurrection Church in Kaunas
Christ's Resurrection Church in Kaunas
1933 - 1940
Cinema theater "Romuva"
Cinema theater "Romuva"
1938 - 1940
Elementary School for Jewish Children in Kaunas
Elementary School for Jewish Children in Kaunas
1930 - 1931
Sports Hall in Kaunas
Sports Hall in Kaunas
1938 - 1939
Č. Pacevičius Villa
Č. Pacevičius Villa
1935
Residential House of Architect Stasys Kudokas
Residential House of Architect Stasys Kudokas
1937
Agriculture Bank in Kaunas (now KTU Central Administration Building)
Agriculture Bank in Kaunas (now KTU Central Administration Building)
1933 - 1935
Palace for Firefighters in Kaunas
Palace for Firefighters in Kaunas
1929 - 1930
Grigorijus Gumeniukas Residential House (Adapted to Kaunas 3rd Gymnasium)
Grigorijus Gumeniukas Residential House (Adapted to Kaunas 3rd Gymnasium)
1934 - 1935
Evangelical and Reformed Church in Kaunas
Evangelical and Reformed Church in Kaunas
1937 - 1947
Health Insurance Fund
Health Insurance Fund
1933 - 1935
The Palace of the Common Labourers in Kaunas
The Palace of the Common Labourers in Kaunas
1938 - 1939
Palace of Physical Education
Palace of Physical Education
1932 - 1934
Palace of Klaipeda Pedagogic Institute’s Sports and Gymnastics
Palace of Klaipeda Pedagogic Institute’s Sports and Gymnastics
1937 - 1938
Military Research Laboratory for the Lithuanian Ministry of National Defense
Military Research Laboratory for the Lithuanian Ministry of National Defense
1933 - 1935
Funicular of Žaliakalnis
Funicular of Žaliakalnis
1931
Elementary School (now Jonas Jablonskis Gymnasium) in Kaunas
Elementary School (now Jonas Jablonskis Gymnasium) in Kaunas
1931
Jonas and Gediminas Lapėnai Apartment House
Jonas and Gediminas Lapėnai Apartment House
1932
The headquarter of milk processing company "Pienocentras"
The headquarter of milk processing company "Pienocentras"
1931 - 1934
Commerce, Industry and Crafts palace
Commerce, Industry and Crafts palace
1937 - 1939
A garage of Amerikos lietuvių prekybos akcinė bendrovė company
A garage of Amerikos lietuvių prekybos akcinė bendrovė company
1929 - 1932
Office of the Bank of Lithuania in Kėdaniai
Office of the Bank of Lithuania in Kėdaniai
1931 - 1932
Office of Former Insurance Company Lloyd
Office of Former Insurance Company Lloyd
1938
Simonas Volpertas Private Clinic in Šiauliai
Simonas Volpertas Private Clinic in Šiauliai
1930
Former Frida Arkusienė Residential House
Former Frida Arkusienė Residential House
1939
Gymnasium named after Petras Vileišis in Pasvalys (former School of Commerce)
Gymnasium named after Petras Vileišis in Pasvalys (former School of Commerce)
1933 - 1935
Residential Houses at 83 and 85 Laisvės Av. in Kaunas
Residential Houses at 83 and 85 Laisvės Av. in Kaunas
1931 - 1940
A project for Culture House in Kudirkos Naumiestis
A project for Culture House in Kudirkos Naumiestis
1939
Draft project for the Mother and Child Museum in Kaunas
Draft project for the Mother and Child Museum in Kaunas
1938
Red Cross tuberculosis sanatorium in Aukštoji Panemunė
Red Cross tuberculosis sanatorium in Aukštoji Panemunė
1932
Draft project for the Adelė and Paulius Galauniai House
Draft project for the Adelė and Paulius Galauniai House
1930
Jewish Gymnasium in Kaunas
Jewish Gymnasium in Kaunas
1931
Telšiai St. Nicholas Orthodox Church
Telšiai St. Nicholas Orthodox Church
1935 - 1937
Kaunas Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus
Kaunas Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus
1935 - 1938
Raseiniai Old Post Office
Raseiniai Old Post Office
1933 - 1934
House of Vladas Stankūnas in Kaunas, Savanoriu av. 58
House of Vladas Stankūnas in Kaunas, Savanoriu av. 58
1934
Juozas Daugirdas Apartment House
Juozas Daugirdas Apartment House
1930
Red Cross sanatorium in Birštonas
Red Cross sanatorium in Birštonas
1930 - 1933
House in Kaunas at 4 L. Sapiegos St.
House in Kaunas at 4 L. Sapiegos St.
1935
P. J. Krasauskas Residential House
P. J. Krasauskas Residential House
1938
Museum of Samogitians "Alka"
Museum of Samogitians "Alka"
1936 - 1941
Gymnasium in Kėdainiai
Gymnasium in Kėdainiai
1935 - 1944
Villa "Šilelis"
Villa "Šilelis"
1938 - 1939
Villa in Naglis st. 8
Villa in Naglis st. 8
Birštonas Kurhaus
Birštonas Kurhaus
1850 - 1931
Building of Birštonas resort administration
Building of Birštonas resort administration
1930
Sanatorium “Tulpė” of Kaišiadorys Diocese Priests
Sanatorium “Tulpė” of Kaišiadorys Diocese Priests
1937
Textile companies complex in Juozapavičiaus av. 82 / Skuodo st. 2
Textile companies complex in Juozapavičiaus av. 82 / Skuodo st. 2
1870 - 1939
State stadium in Kaunas
State stadium in Kaunas
1935 - 1936
Residential house of Lidija Vaišvilienė and Olimpija Balsienė
Residential house of Lidija Vaišvilienė and Olimpija Balsienė
1939
Meilach Melamed house in kaunas
Meilach Melamed house in kaunas
1938 - 1939
House of Janina Rožanskienė
House of Janina Rožanskienė
1939
Doors of Vatican embassy
Doors of Vatican embassy
1930 - 1931
House of Dumbriai in Ukmergė
House of Dumbriai in Ukmergė
1933
Church in Biliakiemis
Church in Biliakiemis
1937 - 1940
Lithuanian Riflemen's Union house in Utena
Lithuanian Riflemen's Union house in Utena
1933
Mausha and Nathan Feinberg‘s house
Mausha and Nathan Feinberg‘s house
1929
House of Lionginas Junknevičius
House of Lionginas Junknevičius
1937
Meat Processing and Bacon Factory of “Maistas” company in Tauragė
Meat Processing and Bacon Factory of “Maistas” company in Tauragė
1931 - 1932
Former Petras Araminas primary school in Marijampolė
Former Petras Araminas primary school in Marijampolė
1934
Primary School in Alytus
Primary School in Alytus
1937
Branch of Lithuanian Bank in Biržai
Branch of Lithuanian Bank in Biržai
1934
Gymnasium in Biržai
Gymnasium in Biržai
1931
Railway station in Plungė
Railway station in Plungė
1931 - 1932
Health Insurance Fund in Panevėžys
Health Insurance Fund in Panevėžys
1936 - 1937
Building of the Panevėžys District Municipality
Building of the Panevėžys District Municipality
1933
Former house of notary Jonas Dikinis in Raseiniai
Former house of notary Jonas Dikinis in Raseiniai
1933 - 1936
Former bus station in Raseiniai
Former bus station in Raseiniai
Raseiniai Primary School
Raseiniai Primary School
1933
House built by Teresė and Mykolas Narbutai
House built by Teresė and Mykolas Narbutai
1932
Kėdainiai County Municipal Hospital
Kėdainiai County Municipal Hospital
1935 - 1937
House built by Uršulė and Zigmas Starkai
House built by Uršulė and Zigmas Starkai
1933 - 1937
Primary school in Palemonas
Primary school in Palemonas
1935 - 1937
1 86

According to 1923 census data, Germans made up around four per cent of total Kaunas population. Although the number of Germans living in Lithuania remained almost unchanged throughout the entire period of the First Republic, and German claims to Klaipėda region led local authorities to tighten monitoring of political, cultural and educational activities of this ethnic minority, German upper exact sciences gymnasium was established in Kaunas in 1920.


In 1922 the construction of the school building took off according to a draft by Swiss architect Eduardas Pejeris at the intersection between Vytautas Avenue and Ūkis Street (now Totoriai Street). However, the works were finished according to the draft by V. Landsbergis-Žemkalnis. The building is a characteristic example of functionalism: one of the most outstanding highlights is different-sized windows designed to let enough light in the school. Aesthetic solutions of the front face consist of a harmony between symmetry (equal arrangement of windows) and asymmetry (the main entrance built on the side; different-sized windows). Minimalist exterior allowed the massive three-story building to easily and seamlessly blend in with the urban landscape, yet avoid becoming monotonous or boring.


In 1930 the school was granted gymnasium status. During the interwar period the school was taken care of by the German Cultural Association of Lithuania (“Kultūrferbandas”), which was based at the student dormitory. Following the start of WWII, the gymnasium was closed. Later the building was home to a Russian secondary school (now Aleksandras Puškinas Gymnasium)


Kristina Endriukaitytė